In Ukraine, the niche for growing artichokes is absolutely free, although climatic conditions allow growing this crop in industrial-scale volumes. Vadim Dudka, director of Agro-Analysis LLC, told about this at a conference in Kropyvnytskyi, seeds.org writes.
According to him, artichokes have good transportability and keeping quality.
In addition, these are premium-segment products, that is, by ensuring high quality and branding, you can count on a good price.
“In the world market, the average price for large wholesale amounts to $700–1000/t, $2–4/kg for small wholesale batches and $10–50/kg for retail sales,” says Dudka.
The main buyers of artichokes are restaurants. And the top three manufacturers are Italy, Egypt, and Spain.
The most popular varieties are Omaha, Mercury, Siena, Baby Angio, Chianti, Big Heart and the like.
Dudka recommends growing this plant from seedlings, sowing in cassettes for 160 cells. Shoots appear on the 9-11 day after planting. Plants should be put on mulch film according to the scheme from 0.5 x 1.4 to 0.7 x 1.8 m.
It is advisable to use drip irrigation. At the beginning of the growing season, nitrogen fertilizers are applied, then phosphorus, potassium, calcium, boron, and iron are used. After ripening, the buds are sampled weekly.
On average, one bush of artichoke gives 15-30 buds. “The weight of one bud of the best varieties is 250-400 grams. With a planting density of 8,000-10,000 pieces/ha, we get at least 40 t/ha,” Dudka calculates.
However, it is worth noting that the artichoke is a thermophilic crop and reacts badly to herbicides. Therefore, the space between rows must be mowed or cultivated.
The excess moisture in the soil will lead to rotting of the root system. Therefore, fertile, friable, sufficiently moist soils are best suited for growing artichokes.