Ivano-Frankivsk and Vinnitsa regions show the highest productivity of agricultural land.
This follows from the results of monitoring socio-economic development of the regions of Ukraine for 2017, which was published by the Ministry of Regional Development.
The volume of production of agricultural products per 100 hectares in Ivano-Frankivsk and Vinnytsia regions exceeds 1.1 million UAH.
Following the leaders with similar results on the economic efficiency of farmland are Chernivtsi, Cherkassy, Lviv, Kiev, Ternopil, Transcarpathian and Khmelnitsky regions.
The lowest productivity shows (excluding Donetsk and Luhansk) Zaporozhye, Mykolaiv, Odessa and Kirovograd regions. There are less than 600 thousand UAH per 100 hectares.
One of the reasons for this result: against the general background of an increase in the average yield of crops, the steppe regions of southern Ukraine suffer from summer heat and moisture deficit and noticeably lag behind. At the same time, productivity is determined not only by yield, but also by the choice of crops.
According to Tatyana Adamenko, head of the department of agrometeorology of the Ukrainian Hydrometeorological Center, only due to climate change the productivity of winter crops will increase by 10-20 centners per hectare in the coming years. At the same time, the central regions of Ukraine “warm” faster than its southern regions.