Now the return of farm animals is 30-40% lower than their genetic potential. But there is a great opportunity to improve the production of poultry.
So says Leo Dore Hartog, director of research and development at Trouw Nutrition and professor of sustainable animal nutrition at the University of Wageningen, according to Feed Navigator.com.
It is expected that by 2050 the production of poultry meat will increase by 72%. And the use of antibiotics (if no restrictions on the growth stimulants (AGP) and antimicrobial drugs (AMR) are introduced) in such countries as Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa by this time will double. The World Health Organization (WHO) said that the annual mortality associated with AMR could reach 10 million.
Ambitious goals, combined with multilateral commitments, play a key role in reducing antibiotics in agriculture, and the EU should play its important role in this matter, Hartog believes.
As the professor noted, the integration of breeding, diet, supplements and hygiene is the key to reducing the number of antibiotics on the farm. Nutrients in feeds and additives affect the composition of microbiota (microflora).
Additives are of great importance, and nutrition is important, including the strategic management of nutrients and ingredients. Effective vaccines that support the immune system of animals are also crucial. Hartog said that the EU needs to stimulate the industry to invest in products to maintain animal health.
The specialist cited the example of the Netherlands, in which policies aimed at reducing the use of antibiotics, reduced by approximately 65% in the case of farm animals, and broilers even higher – 72%.