During the past three years, Pavlo Shtutman, the owner of Elvorti and Gidrosila companies located in Kropivnitsky, took only four graduates from the local technical university for work. And the matter is not limited number of vacancies. In the field of mechanical engineering in Kropivnitsky now 4 thousand people are employed. Today about 200 specialists lack in Shtutman’s enterprises. “Earlier, every year, 20-30 people were taken”, – he recalls.
Machine builder does not restrain emotions. If workers can be trained in 3-6 months, then for engineers it is impossible. “In our country, to “hunt” engineers is just as senseless as deer in the woods where they are not found,” he says. Such a deficiency was one of the reasons why the company built a plant in Gomel. “Belarus has a much better educational situation. But in our country the state cannot manage its universities, in my opinion”, says the industrialist from Kropivnitsky.
In our country, to “hunt” engineers is just as senseless as deer in the woods where they are not found
Another example for Ukraine is Germany. There are several large universities with the system of dual education. This means that students simultaneously study and work in different companies. Their academic and workload are approximately proportional, but in this, dual students receive no less knowledge than on full-time education. For example, in Stuttgart dual university, where 4 thousand students study, teachers maximally bring material to the requirements of enterprises. As a result, more than 90% of graduates of the university remain employed by these companies.
The same way, but somewhat smaller in size, is the Institute of Dual Education of Gera-Eisenach. In high school, specialists are trained in various fields, including agrarian ones. Moreover, the entrant must first find himself a future employer who is counting on the young specialist to become his employee after training.
Thus, the dual education is beneficial for all participants in the process. First, parents who can not afford a lot of expenses for the education of the child. After a dual education, the student becomes financially independent.
after a dual education, the student becomes financially independent
Second, it benefits business. For example, Berndt Truman, owner of the German agricultural firm Trumann. A German agrarian says he spends about € 1,000 a month on a single student employee, recognizing that he would have had to pay three times more for a skilled worker.
Ukrainian Shtutman does not talk about the economic effect of dual education on his enterprises, but he emphasizes that it is difficult to overestimate it – this is essentially the only way for the business to get high-quality personnel. “The quality of engineering and vocational education is rather low,” says Shtutman. We are told that we are too demanding, as producers. But we deliver products to different countries of the world, and we need specialists who have at least a satisfactory basic engineering education to ensure competitiveness. And we would teach them further”.
The employer’s demands for work experience often make a young applicant feel insecure, says Natalia Kudrenko, Personnel Manager of the Ukrainian office of Syngenta. “In this case, an internship program at an international company may be the best solution for acquiring practical knowledge, developing teamwork skills, understanding processes and standards of work of the world-class organization,” she says.
This is what Syngenta offers, and for the best students, there is also employment after the internship. In 2016, at the Ukrainian office of Syngenta, 28 students were trained, 9 of whom were appointed. This year, the internship is held by more than 40 people. This program has been functioning in Syngenta for over five years.
Another project was initiated by the governments of Ukraine and Germany. This is agrarian education based on colleges, launched by the Ukrainian Ministry of Agrarian Policy and the Ministry of Education in cooperation with the German Ministry of Agriculture. The project is coordinated by the state scientific-methodical center “Agro-science”. Within the framework of the project, the Center selected several colleges that will change their training plans in close cooperation with the farm sector, as well as with the wishes of the largest international companies.
The BASF German company also has its own internship program. “We really have a lot of interest in such projects because it will create a pool of employees that we can take,” commented Tiberiu Dima, the head of the BASF Agribusiness in Ukraine, Moldova and the Caucasus countries. “We strongly believe that we will help to form a new generation of professionals for the sake of industry success. It’s great if talented young people can make their first major contribution to the development of agriculture with BASF. “
The AgroDay Editorial has collected several cases of well-known companies about how they organize training of specialists within their companies, together with higher education institutions of Ukraine and other countries.
Seeds Of Knowledge
Company: Syngenta, plant protection products, and seeds
The internship program “Syngenta Students” takes place in two main directions – commercial and agrarian, and is aimed at students of the third, fourth and fifth year of agricultural colleges. Syngenta is currently working with educational institutions in Kyiv, Bila Tserkva, Dnipro, Vinnytsia, Kharkiv, and Kherson.
From April, students undergo a half-year internship at research stations, in the laboratories of the company, as well as in different departments of the central office in Kyiv.
The process of selecting interns is transparent and simple enough. The HR team organizes a series of introductory lectures about Syngenta and the internships in the agrarian universities. The students, interested in this subject, take proficiency tests and telephone interviews. You can submit a questionnaire online. Syngenta makes the appointments between the best enthusiasts and the company’s specialists. In this academic year, the company offers the internship in the areas of biological research, breeding, production and technical marketing.
Syngenta also has partner social and educational projects, for example, related to the education and upbringing of future agrarians. Four years ago, the company joined the international project STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) for 10-11-year-old schoolchildren. The company is involved in the formation of training programs in the Science unit (biology, chemistry, and agronomy).
In 2017, Syngenta has launched AgroClass, an educational pilot project for schoolchildren based on the National Ecological and Naturalistic Center for Student Youth in Kyiv.
Matter of Technics
Companies: Elvorti Group, a manufacturer of agricultural machinery and Hydrosila Group, a manufacturer of hydraulic power machinery and components for hydro machines.
This year, these companies launched the project of dual higher education in partnership with the Kropivnitsky Private Institute of Commerce for the training of marketers, financiers and accountants for the engineering business.
In September, the project of dual vocational education on the basis of technical school №4 in Kropivnitsky started. Currently, the educational institution is training multi-skilled template designers for Elvorti Group and Hydrosila Group to work with CNC machines. In today’s dual education project, 40 students are divided into two groups.
Dual education includes obligatory work, coupled with the learning process. Elvorti Group and Hydrosila Group take students to work under an employment contract. One month they attend college and another month they attend the enterprise. Students of Kropivnitsky Institute of Commerce work three days a week, as many as studying at the university.
In addition, the Shtutman’s companies provide for the Institute a separate platform at its regular exhibition “Agroexpo” in Kropivnitsky. The forum is attended by about 20 universities. Including Kiev Polytechnic Institute and NUBiP. Young people from Kirovograd region can come and talk with representatives of educational institutions. Within the framework of the exhibition, there is an educational forum concerning the training of personnel for the agrarian sector.
The long distance to the educational bases of the Kiev Polytechnic or the Kharkiv Aviation Institute, with which Shtutman negotiated, is not yet allowed to create joint projects of dual education with them. However, his Kropivnitsky companies started working with the Kryvy Rih National University on the training program for engineers. Negotiations are also underway with the Kirovohrad Aviation Academy and the Tavria Agrarian and Technological State University.
Company: Bayer Ukraine, seeds, plant protection
Bayer offers the specialists who are already working in the agrarian market to become students. The company offers training seminars in the areas of “Financial Management”, “Agronomy”, “Business Management and Sales”. In total, 7 programs are available on the site, 4 are in the testing phase and 2 are in development.
When they were created, the company used the best world practices adapted to the realities of Ukrainian agribusiness. For example, within the framework of the “Effective Financial Management” course, Bayer solves such problems as budget cash disruptions in the budget, lack of funds for investment projects, the emergence of differences between planned and actual indicators, and the impact on business changes in VAT taxation.
Bayer conducts training in partnership with Deloitte, a leading international consulting company with many years of experience in audit and tax consulting services for large companies in Ukraine.
The agronomy program covers the main and critical aspects of crop cultivation. In particular, it focuses on the yield of corn. Bayer specialists conduct hands-on training on early and late crop surveys.
Workshop participants work with the coach on real business cases. Classes are held both in classrooms and in fields, depending on the orientation of the training. This year, Bayer hosted 70 master classes in the field of cultivating crops and soil cultivation technologies, 19 in finance, 11 in marketing, 4 in precision farming, and 2 in management.
The course was attended by about 2000 participants, which is twice as much as in 2015-2016. These are specialists of companies and farmers of enterprises of various levels, starting with large agro-holdings such as Myronivsky Hliboproduct, Kernel, IMK and ending with medium and small agribusinesses.
Company: BASF, Seeds Protection Means
The company already has a third year of the internship program in the real conditions of agricultural business for students and graduates of specialized agrarian universities. Then from 100 competitors, BASF recruits its employees. Today, 10 best employees joined the company.
The internship takes place in key agrarian regions of the country within 7 months. Participants of the program work directly with Ukrainian agrarians, training on the use of seed protection, plant physiology, plant cultivation technologies in general, as well as effective communications, negotiation skills, presentations, etc.
The internship at BASF provides trainees with salary, comfortable working conditions and even official transportation. But in order to get to their pool, the applicants undergo a thorough selection in several stages – they must prove their competence and a high level of knowledge on which to base practical work.
In Germany, BASF is implementing a student project that was first included in the NASA educational program. To answer the question of whether it is possible to grow high-quality vegetables on board of an orbital station, which is at an altitude of about 320 kilometers above the Earth, three students studying on the agricultural program, conducted an experiment on board of the International Space Station (ISS). This is the first student experiment on the study of the possible development of the cuttings root system in a weightless condition.
BASF’s Plant Protection Equipment Specialists supported young scientists with advice and research know-how, provided the necessary materials and technical equipment. In the future, the materials of this experiment will be useful in developing products for cosmonauts from the “space city” during long interplanetary expeditions.
The first of them, according to BASF, may become a flight to Mars.